Advisory report: Sharing responsibility
A proposal for a European Asylum System based on solidarity.
- Advocate incorporating the standards laid down in the Qualification and Procedures Directives in an EU Regulation, emphasising the fact that these standards should be applied equally in all EU member states.
- Emphasise the collective and shared mission of member states to offer international protection. Advocate an interpretation of CEAS responsibilities that is more in line with the principle of solidarity. Urge the European Commission and the member states to take firmer measures against members states that fail to meet their obligations.
- Advocate amending articles 3 and 13 of the Dublin Regulation and supplementing the existing responsibility criteria in such a way that member states with a disproportionately large number of applications will be able to transfer future asylum applications to member states with a disproportionately low number of applications, regardless of whether such applications fall under the responsibility of the latter state under the Dublin criteria. This distribution mechanism could be activated by the European Commission and should operate under its authority. The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) or a new EU distribution agency should coordinate and support the distribution process.
- Advocate the further harmonization of the CEAS. This means that member states and the European Commission will have to call to account member states that fail to meet their obligations and make greater use of political and legal instruments to call these states to heel. In addition, some aspects of the CEAS could in due course be implemented at European level.
- Urge the European Commission and member states to offer asylum seekers and permit holders future prospects. Since asylum seekers will no longer be able to influence in which they will have to submit their application, and following the determination of their status will be obliged to integrate, they should be offered the prospect of mobility throughout the EU, subject to conditions and after a certain time. This will help prevent irregular secondary migration flows, and better regulate intra-EU mobility.
- Promote greater use of resettlement by member states and the European Commission as well as the creation of safe legal avenues for migration to the EU. Such measures will be all the more important if the external borders are closed and agreements are reached with third countries to reduce asylum migration. Efforts should also be made to make more effective use of common measures for the return of failed asylum seekers.
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